We discuss these results in light of our previous observation that only a proportion of atpA transcripts are translated at any given time in the chloroplast of C. reinhardtii.”
“Inspired by studies demonstrating mate-choice copying effects in non-human species, recent studies
of attractiveness judgements suggest that social learning also influences human preferences. In the first part of our article, we review evidence for social learning effects on preferences in humans and other animals. In the second part, we present new empirical evidence that social learning not only influences the attractiveness of specific individuals, but can also generalize to judgements of previously unseen see more individuals possessing similar physical traits. The different conditions represent www.selleckchem.com/products/p5091-p005091.html different populations and, once a preference arises in a population, social learning can lead to the spread of preferences within that population. In the final part of our article, we discuss the theoretical basis for, and possible impact of, biases in social learning whereby individuals may preferentially copy the choices of those with high status or better access to critical information about potential mates. Such biases could mean that the choices of a select few individuals carry the greatest weight, rapidly generating
agreement in preferences within a population. Collectively, these issues suggest that social learning mechanisms encourage the spread of preferences for certain traits once they arise within a population and so may explain certain cross-cultural differences.”
“Peripheral arterial disease affecting the lower extremities is associated with increased mortality due to cardiovascular events and reduced functional capacity due to claudication. There is abundant evidence to support the role
of lipid lowering with statins in preventing cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Over the last 10 years, multiple studies have been designed to test the theory that LDL-C lowering with statins could result SU5402 purchase in improved exercise performance in patients with peripheral arterial disease. However, this remains an active area of investigation to better understand how the pleiotropic effects of statins could lead to enhanced functional capacity for patients with claudication. Furthermore, new insights into the complex pathophysiology of claudication may help us to understand the potential role of lipid-lowering therapy in alleviating exercise-induced symptoms.”
“During the Pleistocene, climatic fluctuations due to glacial and interglacial periods greatly modified the distribution of boreal organisms.