This within-subject variability highlights another important reason to use heart rate monitors to record exercise dosage for each fitness training session: to confirm whether sufficient exercise dosage has been achieved and possibly extend the duration if the exercise intensity has been insufficient. The evidence to support the effectiveness of fitness training to induce a cardiorespiratory fitness training effect in people with traumatic brain injury is unclear. A Cochrane systematic review (Hassett et al 2008) showed uncertainty in the effectiveness of fitness training in one trial (Bateman et al 2001) and a clear positive
effect in the other (Driver et al 2004). It was hypothesised that the longer duration of exercise implemented in the second trial provided sufficient click here exercise dosage for a fitness training effect. The results from the observational phase of our study confirm the importance of long duration exercise to reach sufficient dosage for a fitness training stimulus in deconditioned populations. Further research is required to confirm whether fitness training prescribed and implemented at sufficient exercise dosage can improve cardiorespiratory fitness in people with traumatic brain selleck chemicals injury. This study has a few limitations. Circuit class therapy
was investigated in one centre (a brain injury rehabilitation unit). While the content was similar to circuit class therapy described in the literature (English and Hillier 2010), validation in a larger number of centres is required to confirm our findings. A blinded assessor was not used as it
was anticipated that data collected from heart rate Mephenoxalone monitors has low susceptibility to bias, however there is still the risk that some bias existed when the data were transcribed from the monitor. The sample size calculation did not take into account the potential for drop-outs and set a very high threshold for the smallest clinically important difference (ie, 33% or ~17 minutes). Four participants dropped out of the trial and, although intention-to-treat Libraries analysis was conducted, this may have reduced the ability to detect a between-group difference. It is likely that a smaller between-group difference (eg, 8–10 minutes) would be clinically worthwhile, but further exploration of the smallest clinically important difference is warranted. Our data could be used to inform the power calculation of a larger trial. In conclusion, the low intensity, long duration structure of circuit class therapy can provide sufficient exercise dosage for a cardiorespiratory fitness training effect in adults with traumatic brain injury.