The focus was on genes related to cell-cell contacts Furthermore

The focus was on genes related to cell-cell contacts. Furthermore, the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on gene expression was studied. Most of the genes investigated here were down-regulated in migratory cells. Many of the alterations are expected to affect the permeability

of tight junctions. Also the nectin-afadin complex of adherens junctions was modulated as well as the expression of both the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and the EGF receptor. Of note, restitution was not accompanied by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). EGF treatment severely affected the expression of genes important for cell-cell contact and cell communication such as selected tight junction components, CXCR4, and TFF3. Many of these genes are known to be involved in EMT and metastasis. Of special note, most of the expression changes induced by EGF are in contrast to the changes observed in migratory cells. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“We have previously demonstrated

that lipoplex, a complex of cationic liposomes and DNA, could be targeted to human hepatic cells in vitro and in vivo by conjugation with bio-nanocapsules (BNCs) comprising hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen L protein particles. Because the BNC-lipoplex complexes were endowed with the human hepatic cell-specific infection machinery from HBV, the complexes showed excellent specific transfection efficiency in human hepatic cells. In this study, we have found that polyplex (a complex of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and DNA) could form stable complexes with BNCs spontaneously. The diameter and zeta-potential of BNC-polyplex complexes are about 240 nm and +3.54 CA4P cell line mV, respectively, which make them more suitable for in vivo use than polyplex alone. BNC-polyplex complexes with an N/P ratio (the molar ratio

of the amine group of PEI to the phosphate group of DNA) of 40 showed excellent transfection efficiency in human hepatic cells. When acidification of endosomes was inhibited by bafilomycin A1, the complexes showed higher transfection efficiency than polyplex itself, strongly suggesting that the complexes escaped from endosomes by both fusogenic activity of BNCs and proton sponge activity of polyplex. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity is comparable to that of polyplex of the same N/P value. Thus, BNC-polyplex complexes would be a promising gene delivery carrier for human liver-specific gene therapy. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Atherosclerosis (AS) causes cardiovascular disease, which leads to fatal clinical end points like myocardial infarction or stroke, the most prevalent causes of death in developed countries. An early, noninvasive method of detection and diagnosis of atherosclerotic lesions is necessary to prevent and treat these clinical end points.

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