Vascular endothelial growth factor and angiopoietin-2 genes and protein expression, endothelial
proliferation as well as free radical levels and antioxidants were assessed in the germinal matrix, white matter and cortex of pups exposed to 100% oxygen and to 21% oxygen. Results: Exposure with 100% oxygen for 1 h did not adversely exacerbate the incidence of glycerol-induced IVH in premature rabbit pups. Compared with room air, 100% oxygen enhanced mRNA expression of both vascular endothelial growth factor and angiopoietin-2 as well as reactive oxygen species levels in the germinal matrix. Hyperoxia did not affect endothelial proliferation, PI3K inhibitor apoptosis or neuronal degeneration in the forebrain. Conclusion: Our data suggest that 100% oxygen exposure for 1 h does not increase the risk of IVH or cerebral injury in premature rabbit pups. Although extrapolating rabbit neural developmental data into humans has obvious limitations, we speculate that hyperoxia of short duration at birth in premature infants may not result in major neurological adverse effects. “
“The aim of this study was to evaluate whether transplantation of human bone marrow stromal cell-derived Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) promotes functional recovery Depsipeptide concentration after contusive spinal cord injury of adult rats. Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) were cultured from
bone marrow of adult human patients and induced into Schwann cells (hBMSC-SC) in vitro.
Schwann cell phenotype was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. Growth factors secreted from hBMSC-SC were detected using cytokine antibody array. Immunosppressed rats were laminectomized and their spinal cords were contused using NYU impactor (10 g, 25 mm). Nine days after injury, a mixture of Matrigel and hBMSC-SC (hBMSC-SC group) was injected into the lesioned site. Five weeks after transplantation, cresyl-violet staining revealed that the area of cystic cavity was smaller in the hBMSC-SC group than that in the control group. Immunohistochemstry revealed that the number of anti-growth-associated protein-43-positive Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase nerve fibers was significantly larger in the hBMSC-SC group than that in the control group. At the same time, the number of tyrosine hydroxylase- or serotonin-positive fibers was significantly larger at the lesion epicenter and caudal level in the hBMSC-SC group than that in the control group. In electron microscopy, formation of peripheral-type myelin was recognized near the lesion epicenter in the hBMSC-SC group. Hind limb function recovered significantly in the hBMSC-SC group compared with the control group. In conclusion, the functions of hBMSC-SC are comparable to original Schwann cells in rat spinal cord injury models, and are thus potentially useful treatments for patients with spinal cord injury.