Treatment resulted in GL-3 substrate decrease in female patients with amenable GM mutations. Phase 3 studies are ongoing. Trial registration: Clinicaltrial.gov: NCT00304512.
(C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Leiomodin (Lmod) is a muscle-specific https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Lapatinib-Ditosylate.html F-actin-nucleating protein that is related to the F-actin pointed-end-capping protein tropomodulin (Tmod). However, Lmod contains a unique similar to 150-residue C-terminal extension that is required for its strong nucleating activity. Overexpression or depletion of Lmod compromises sarcomere organization, but the mechanism by which Lmod contributes to myofibril assembly is not well understood. We show that Tmod and Lmod localize through fundamentally different mechanisms to the pointed ends of two distinct SBE-β-CD subsets of actin filaments in myofibrils. Tmod localizes to two narrow bands immediately adjacent to M-lines, whereas Lmod displays dynamic localization to two broader bands, which are generally more separated from M-lines. Lmod’s localization and F-actin nucleation activity are enhanced by interaction with tropomyosin. Unlike Tmod, the myofibril localization of Lmod depends on sustained muscle contraction and actin polymerization. We further show that Lmod expression correlates with the maturation of myofibrils in cultured cardiomyocytes and that it associates with
sarcomeres only in differentiated myofibrils. Collectively, the data suggest that Lmod contributes to the final organization and maintenance of sarcomere architecture by promoting tropomyosin-dependent actin filament nucleation.”
“Induction and activation of the p53 tumour suppressor protein occurs in response LBH589 in vivo to a number of cellular stresses, including disruption of RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription. Both p53 itself and its principle negative regulator, the E3 ubiquitin ligase Mdm2, are substrates for phosphorylation by the protein kinase CK2 in vitro. CK2 phosphorylates Mdm2 within its central acidic domain, a region that is critical for making a second point
of contact with p53 and mediating p53 ubiquitylation and turnover. Additionally, there is evidence that CK2 interacts with, and regulates, both p53 and Mdm2 within the cell but the molecular mechanisms through which CK2-mediated regulation of the p53 response can occur are only poorly understood. Previously, we showed that the basal transcription factor TAFII250, a critical component of TFIID, can interact with Mdm2 and promote the association of the Mdm2 acidic domain with p53. In the present study, we show that immunoprecipitates of TAFII250, either from mammalian cell extracts or from baculovirus-infected cells expressing elevated levels of HA-tagged TAFII250, can phosphorylate Mdm2 in vitro within its acidic domain. We show that CK2 is tightly associated with TAFII250 and is the principal activity responsible for TAFII250-mediated phosphorylation of Mdm2.