The survey takes approximately 10 minutes to complete and is written at the sixth-grade reading level. Practicing physicians consider the survey a feasible tool to assess patients’ dietary habits and it is valid against the Healthy Eating Index in medical students and against food frequency questionnaires in the general population . Good test-retest reliability (r = 0.86) was reported in ethnically and educationally diverse groups . In the current study, only nutrition questions were examined. Answers were coded according
to previous studies with usually/often = 1, sometimes = 2, rarely/never = 3, and blank answers = 3 . Questions are phrased so higher scores indicate healthier eating behaviors. The alcohol use answers www.selleckchem.com/products/BIBW2992.html were categorized by frequency of alcohol BMS202 cost consumption over the past month. Frequency of consuming >1-2 drinks were categorized as 0–1 times = rarely/never(3), 1–6 times = sometimes(2), and >6 times = usually/often(1). Body weight (to the nearest 0.5 lbs.) and height (to the nearest 0.5 inch) were collected during the athlete’s pre-participation physical examination. Waist circumference was obtained by using a standard tailor’s
tape measuring the narrowest portion of the waist between the xyphoid process and naval, recorded to the nearest quarter inch and expressed in centimeters. Weight was measured on a laboratory scale. Data analysis PCA was conducted with the first wave of data using the scree plot to determine the number of components to retain. EFA was conducted on the second wave of data to represent the realistic nature of the study measurement. Proportion of common variance >0.75 and chi-square significance test of retained factors against the inclusion of an additional factor were criteria used to determine the number of factors to retain. The second wave of athletes was surveyed to avoid dependency among the data. Last, a Resminostat CFA, designed to test the fit of the exploratory factor model was performed. Factor score coefficients were obtained
from the confirmed model output and scores were computed for each participant on each dietary pattern. After progressing through the model identification steps to establish the construct validity of the REAP, male and female athletes were stratified by participation in aesthetic, or appearance-oriented sport; or non-aesthetic sport, in which success is not related to appearance. Aesthetic sports included gymnastics, swimming, diving, and wrestling. Non-aesthetic sports included golf, basketball, baseball, softball, soccer, football, volleyball, cross-country/track and field, water polo, and tennis. Mean differences between pattern scores were AG-881 purchase explored between aesthetic classification (aesthetic sport vs.