The solid product was collected and washed repeatedly with THF un

The solid product was collected and washed repeatedly with THF until pH = 7 and dried under vacuum. The product was denoted as PAAGNPs. Reaction of PAA-GNPs and KH550

PAA-GNPs 100 mg, DCC 100 mg and THF 100 mg were mixed by sonication for 1 h. Then, the solution of KH550 was added dropwise into suspension at 60°C under nitrogen atmosphere. When completed, the reaction was kept at 60°C and vigorously stirred for 24 h. At last, the solid product was collected and washed MLN2238 mouse repeatedly with THF until pH = 7 and dried under vacuum. The KH550 functionalized GNPs were denoted as siloxane-GNPs. Preparation of SiO2/GNPs hybrid material Siloxane-GNPs (50 mg) were added into 10 ml deionized water and stirred for 24 h at room temperature to hydrolyze the alkoxysilane into Si-OH. Then, 0.6 g TEOS, 1.2 g ammonia solution, and 100 ml ethanol were added to the suspension and stirred for 8 h. Finally, the solid product was collected and washed repeatedly with THF until pH = 7 and dried under vacuum. In this process, the quantity of TEOS, the Hedgehog inhibitor quantity of ammonia, and the time of reaction can be different. Thus, we can control the size of SiO2 particles. Orthogonal array experimental design

In the present study, the experiment was based on an orthogonal array experimental design where the following three factors were analyzed: the quantity of TEOS, the quantity of ammonia and the reaction time. These variables were identified to have large effects on the growth of SiO2 particles.

So an orthogonal array of three factors and three levels was employed to assign the considered factors and levels as shown in Table  1. In principle, one column could be assigned to a factor. Here, the matrix denotes three factors, each with three levels (Table  2). Data analysis could be P-type ATPase carried out through the range analysis. Table 1 Levels of factor of orthogonal design Level   Factors     TEOS (g) NH3 · H2O (g) Time (h) 1 0.3 0.6 4 2 0.6 1.2 6 3 0.9 1.8 8 Table 2 Orthogonal AZD5153 supplier arrays for statistical experiment and results No. Experiment conditions Results   Ethanol (ml) Temperature (°C) TEOS (g) NH3 · H2O (g) Time (h) Average particle size (nm) 1 100 30 0.3 (1) 0.6 (1) 4 (1) 50 2 100 30 0.3 (1) 1.2 (2) 6 (2) 120 3 100 30 0.3 (1) 1.8 (3) 8 (3) 140 4 100 30 0.6 (2) 0.6 (1) 6 (2) 100 5 100 30 0.6 (2) 1.2 (2) 8 (3) 240 6 100 30 0.6 (2) 1.8 (3) 4 (1) 170 7 100 30 0.9 (3) 0.6 (1) 8 (3) 130 8 100 30 0.9 (3) 1.2 (2) 4 (1) 160 9 100 30 0.9 (3) 1.8 (3) 6 (2) 280 Characterizations Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR, Nexus 670, Valencia, CA, USA) was used to detect the functional groups on the surface of f-GNPs and f-GNPs/SiO2 hybrid materials, which was measured as pellets with KBr.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>