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“Introduction Studies on major depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, mania, autism, obesity, and drug addiction have implicated the involvement of serotonergic (5-HT) abnormalities in these diseases. Serotonin acts via receptors which were classified into seven families (5-HT1–7) and at least 14 different subtypes (Barnes and Sharp, 1999; Filip et al., 2005; Hannon and Hoyer, 2008; Hoyer et al., 2002; Pauwels, 2003). The level of 5-HT in central nervous system (CNS) and regulation of its neurotransmission are connecting with serotonin transporter (SERT). This transporter is mediated extracellular uptake of serotonin
from the synaptic clefts. The SERT protein belongs to the large family of transporters that are dependent on Na+ ions. Serotonin, Na+ and Cl− form a quaternary complex with the transporter before being co-transported across the plasma membrane, followed by counter transport of K+. At physiological pH = 7.4, serotonin is protonated and in the case of the SERT 5-HT accumulation was not affected by transmembrane pH differences (Rudnick et al., 1989; Forrest et al., 2007). Many drug molecules contain ionizable groups and hence penetrate 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase across cell membranes, through pores and via active transport mechanism in a pK a dependent fashion, therefore pK a is an important factor on estimating the pharmacological behavior of drugs and their pharmacokinetic. This is particularly important in physiological systems, where ionization state will affect the rate at which the compound is able to diffuse across membranes and obstacles such as the blood–brain barrier (BBB) (Luan et al., 2005; Manallack, 2007). Since the early seventies until today, a large number of selective SERT inhibitors (SSRIs) have been described.