TDR can be measured on the electrocardiogram as the time interval

TDR can be measured on the electrocardiogram as the time interval between the peak and end of the T wave (Tp-e). Tp-e may therefore provide a readily available, noninvasive assay of drug torsadogenicity. The perioperative period is one of high risk for TdP in children with or at risk of long QT syndromes. Droperidol and ondansetron are two drugs commonly administered perioperatively, for prophylaxis of nausea and vomiting, which

can prolong the QT interval. This study investigated their effects on myocardial repolarization.


One hundred and eight ASA1-2 children undergoing elective day-case surgery were randomized to receive droperidol, ondansetron, both or neither. Pre- and post-administration 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECGs) were recorded. QT and Tp-e intervals were measured and compared within and between AZD4547 in vivo groups, for the primary endpoint of a 25 ms change in Tp-e.


Eighty children completed the AZD6094 cell line study. There were no demographic or baseline ECG differences between groups. QT intervals lengthened by 10-17 ms after allocated

treatments, with no between-group differences. Values remained within normal limits for all groups. Tp-e intervals increased by 0-7 ms, with no between-group differences. There were no instances of dysrhythmia.


Droperidol and ondansetron, in therapeutic anti-emetic doses, produce equivalent, clinically insignificant QT prolongation and negligible Tp-e prolongation,

suggesting that neither is torsadogenic in healthy children at these doses.”
“Clinical trials have shown the benefits of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, such as donepezil and galantamine, and an N-methyl-d-aspartate GS-7977 manufacturer receptor antagonist, memantine, in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, little is known regarding the effects of switching from donepezil 5 mg/day to galantamine 16 or 24 mg/day, or regarding the effects of adding memantine to established therapy compared with increasing the dose of donepezil. This report discusses two studies conducted to evaluate treatment with galantamine and memantine with respect to cognitive benefits and caregiver evaluations in patients with AD receiving donepezil 5 mg/day for more than 6 months. Patients with mild or moderate AD (scores 10-22 on the Mini-Mental State Examination) were enrolled in the Galantamine Switch study and switched to galantamine (maximum doses 16 mg versus 24 mg). Patients with moderate to severe AD (MiniMental State Examination scores 3-14) were enrolled in the Donepezil Increase versus Additional Memantine study and either had their donepezil dose increased to 10 mg/day or memantine 20 mg/day added to their existing donepezil dose.

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