Optimum conditions for the reaction were established and effect o

Optimum conditions for the reaction were established and effect of each variable was investigated. The

base catalyzed transesterification favored a temperature of 55 degrees C with methanol/oil molar ratio of 8/1 and potassium hydroxide at 2% (ww(-1)) (oil basis). The conversion of methyl esters exceeded 98% after 5 h and the product quality was verified to match that https://www.selleckchem.com/products/dorsomorphin-2hcl.html for biodiesel with international standards. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Carotenoids and flavonoids are the main tomatoes antioxidants, having an important role for human health. This study investigates the effects of different water regime and of the industrial processing on the concentration of these compounds in tomato fruits and in tomato products. Two biotypes of Corbarini small

tomatoes were cultivated in the Sarno valley (Salerno. Italy) using three different water regimes. A biochemical characterization of the fresh and of the corresponding canned products was performed. Results show that water regime influenced selleck inhibitor the antioxidant profile of tomato fruits, with marked differences between the two biotypes. Data obtained highlight that water regime markedly influenced the productivity and the quality of the tomatoes. Results also demonstrated that industrial process increased carotenoids content without causing a significant flavonoids degradation. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Propionibacteria derived from dairy products are relevant starter cultures for the production of Swiss and Emmental-type cheeses, and the monitoring of which is mandatory for proper quality control. This study aimed to evaluate an alternative procedure to enumerate propionibacteria, in order to develop a reliable and practical methodology to be employed by dairy industries. 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium

chloride (TTC) inhibitory activity was tested against five reference strains (CIRM 09, 38, 39, 40 and 116); TTC at 0.0025% (w/v) was not inhibitory, with the exception of one strain (CIRM 116). Subsequently, the four TTC-resistant strains, three commercial starter cultures (PS-1, PB-I, and CHOO) and twelve Emmental-type cheese samples were subjected to propionibacteria enumeration using Lithium Glycerol (LG) agar, and Petrifilm (TM) Aerobic Count (AC) learn more plates added to LG broth (anaerobic incubation at 30 degrees C for 7 d). Petrifilm (TM) AC added to LG broth presented high counts than LG agar (P<0.05) for only two reference strains (CIRM 39, and 40) and for all commercial starter cultures. Cheese sample counts obtained by both procedures did not show significant differences (P<0.05). Significant correlation indexes were observed between the counts recorded by both methods (P<0.05). These results demonstrate the reliability of Petrifilm (TM) AC plates added to LG broth in enumerating select Propionibacterium spp.

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