Int J Sustain High Educ 7(3):226–251CrossRef Youth Encounter on S

Int J Sustain High Educ 7(3):226–251CrossRef Youth Encounter on Sustainability (YES) Home page at: http://​www.​sustainability.​ethz.​ch”
“Sustainable development and academia In April 1989, I became president of the University of Tokyo and served in that capacity for 4 years. During my tenure, I argued that universities must be centers of scholarship that contribute to the sum total of human wisdom on a level that transcends disciplinary distinctions, such as between science and the humanities.

VX-661 order Toward that end, I fought for increases in research spending and improvements to the research and education facilities at Japan’s universities, which were in poor condition at the time.

In 1995, the Japanese government implemented the Basic Law on Science and Technology and followed up in 1996 with the Science and Technology Basic Plan. This plan, which is revised every 5 years, has helped spur Staurosporine in vitro a dramatic increase in competitive funding and other outlays for science and technology research. Even so, research and education in Japan still face many problems. First of all, funding for the humanities and social sciences is far too meager. If we are to contribute to the advancement of humanity, we must encourage the balanced development of both the hard sciences and the humanities, for which the latter area in particular requires more investment. Second, funding remains woefully insufficient for education on all levels—primary, secondary, and higher. From the standpoint of long-term policy for our nation, substantive improvement in this area should be a major priority for Japan. The University of Tokyo, like other universities, has recently seen criticism

aimed at the ‘reductionist’ fragmentation of academic disciplines, with many voices calling for a merging of the sciences and humanities. While I strongly advocate balanced development in both areas, I personally consider it impossible for any one individual to master the entire spectrum of knowledge. mafosfamide Therefore, I think it is unrealistic to expect all students and researchers to gain a comprehensive knowledge of both the sciences and humanities. What I do hope is that scholars in either area will acquire a certain degree of familiarity with the other. At universities, this can be achieved by requiring a minor as well as a major of students. For this same reason, is it not unrealistic to envision a generation of sustainable development ‘specialists’ whose perspective simultaneously encompasses the entire field? What research for sustainable development Compound C manufacturer demands is, if anything, increasingly specialized work by experts in such fields as energy, food, and water; however, they must also be capable of collaborating in the overall effort to solve global environmental problems.

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