“Sequences of the nuclear internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region and the chloroplast rbcL gene were obtained from 86 specimens of Ulva (including “Enteromorpha”) from five of the main Hawaiian Islands. These 86 specimens were divided into 11 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) based on analyses of primary sequence data and comparisons
of ITS1 secondary structure. Dabrafenib Of the 11 OTUs, six have not previously been reported from anywhere in the world. Only three represented exact sequence matches to named species (Ulva lactuca L., syn. U. fasciata Delile; U. ohnoi Hiraoka et Shimada); two others represented exact sequence matches to unnamed species from Japan and New Zealand. Of the 12 species names currently in use for Hawaiian Ulva, only one, U. lactuca (as U. fasciata), was substantiated. General morphology of the specimens did not always correspond with molecular OTUs; for example, reticulate thallus morphology, previously
considered diagnostic for the species U. reticulata Forssk., was expressed in thalli assigned to U. ohnoi and to one of the novel OTUs. This finding confirms a number of recent studies and provides further support for a molecular MAPK Inhibitor Library species concept for Ulva. These results suggest that Ulva populations in tropical and subtropical regions consist of species that are largely unique to these areas, for which the application of names based on types from temperate and boreal European and North American waters is inappropriate. Ulva ohnoi, a “green tide” species, is reported from Hawaii for the first time. “
“Although the dinophytes generally possess red-algal-derived secondary
plastids, tertiary plastids originating from haptophyte and diatom ancestors are recognized in some lineages within 上海皓元 the Dinophyta. However, little is known about the nuclear-encoded genes of plastid-targeted proteins from the dinophytes with diatom-derived tertiary plastids. We analyzed the sequences of the nuclear psbO gene encoding oxygen-evolving enhancer protein from various algae with red-algal-derived secondary and tertiary plastids. Based on our sequencing of 10 new genes and phylogenetic analysis of PsbO amino acid sequences from a wide taxon sampling of red algae and organisms with red-algal-derived plastids, dinophytes form three separate lineages: one composed of peridinin-containing species with secondary plastids, and the other two having haptophyte- or diatom-derived tertiary plastids and forming a robust monophyletic group with haptophytes and diatoms, respectively.