As regard the type of PD 66% were classic Whipple operations and

As regard the type of PD 66% were classic Whipple operations and 34% pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomies. The management of pancreatic stump was a pancreaticogastrostomy in 23%, end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy in 67%, and fibrin glue occlusion of the main pancreatic VX-770 Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor duct in 10% of cases. The overall procedure failure

(rates of conversion to open surgery) was 14%. The overall morbidity rate was 58% and the reoperation rate was 7.3%.

Conclusions: There have been an increasing number of recent case series suggesting increased utilization of robotic PD over the past decade. The technical approach is heterogenous. For highly selected patient, robotic PD is feasible with similar morbidity and mortality compared to open or purely laparoscopic approaches. Data on cost analysis are lacking and further studies are needed to evaluate also the cost-effectiveness of the robotic approach for PD in comparison to open or laparoscopic techniques. The current state of the art analysis on robotic DP can be also useful in planning future trials. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare multisystem autoimmune disease characterized by diffuse eosinophilic

infiltration and necrotizing vasculitis. There are typical manifestations of longstanding rhinosinusitis and polyposis but otological manifestations are rare and characterized by dense aural discharge, granulomatous eosinophilic infiltrate in the mastoid and middle ear with conductive MK-8776 molecular weight hearing loss, and progressive sensory neural hearing loss-all of

which are this website not responsive to conventional treatment. We describe the case of a 59-year-old man with a rare presentation of CSS that included chronic bilateral otitis media with hearing loss and life-threatening pericardial tamponade. Treatment with pericardiocentesis, prednisone and cyclophosphamide was beneficial and resulted in an improvement of the pericardial and otological manifestations. Early recognition and treatment of otological involvement in CSS is extremely important because of the dramatic response to corticosteroids which may prevent progression of hearing loss.”
“Study Design. An in vivo study to examine the differentiation of endogenous neural progenitor cells in an adult rat model of post-traumatic syringomyelia.

Objective. To quantitatively evaluate the phenotypic fate of endogenous neural progenitor cells in post-traumatic syringomyelia.

Summary of Background Data. Although neural progenitors have been identified in the central nervous system, their differentiation in experimental post-traumatic syringomyelia and possible role in the pathophysiology of this condition have not been investigated.


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