In addition, a study of autosomal dominant hypophosphataemic rick

In addition, a study of autosomal dominant hypophosphataemic rickets (ADHR) patients and controls indicated a negative relationship between serum iron and FGF23 concentrations [4]. Furthermore a study of mice with ADHR has shown that a diet low in iron can induce elevated FGF23 concentrations [5]. Studies in children in The Gambia, West Africa have shown that anaemia is endemic and that iron deficiency is the predominant cause of anaemia throughout the year [6]. A national

survey conducted in 2001 indicated that 76% of Gambian children under the age of 5 y had anaemia, defined as having haemoglobin (Hb) < 11.0 g/dl [7]. In addition, cases of non-vitamin D deficiency rickets have been reported in Gambian children with chronically elevated Selleckchem Vemurafenib circulating FGF23 concentrations [8]. It has been proposed that a chronically low dietary calcium supply resulting in a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D)-driven increase in FGF23 concentration and consequent excessive urinary phosphate loss may be contributing to the aetiology of Gambian rickets [8] and [9]. To investigate the possible link between iron status and FGF23 concentration a post-hoc analysis was conducted on existing data from previous studies on Gambian children both with and without a family or personal history of rickets-like bone deformities. Hb was used as the only available marker of iron status and data collection was conducted predominantly

outside of the see more malaria season. The aims of this analysis were to identify any relationship between circulating concentrations of Hb and FGF23, to identify any differences in this relationship between Gambian children with and without a history of rickets-like bone deformities and to consider if iron may be involved in FGF23 metabolic pathways. Existing data were obtained from three studies conducted previously at MRC Keneba, The Gambia. Written informed consent was obtained from parents of children involved in the three studies. Ethical approval for the original studies and the analysis of existing data was given

by The Gambian Government/MRC Laboratories Joint Ethics Committee. check details Data from children under the age of 18.0 y with no acute illness a week prior to the study and with measurements for both FGF23 and Hb were included. Data from 32 of the 35 children with a history of rickets-like bone deformities (BD Index) as described in [9] and their siblings (n = 76) (BD Siblings) were obtained from an aetiological follow-up study of rickets in The Gambia and were selected on the basis of fitting the inclusion criteria (see Patients and study design section). Measurements of these children were made between May–September 2006. At presentation the BD Index children were characterised by 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration in the normal range, elevated FGF23 and 1,25(OH)2D concentrations and a low plasma phosphate (P) concentration.

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