[16, 46, 47] To investigate rs-fc differences between CM and control subjects, the rs-fc of the 5 pain ROIs in CM were compared with the rs-fc in controls using two-sample t-tests. Summary analyses of the two-sample t-tests were used to find consistent differences between CM and controls. Summary analyses stipulated that only those voxels exhibiting significant differences between control and CM in 2 or more of the 5 affective pain ROIs were carried forward for further analyses.[16, 46, 47] Regions were created based
upon the Ibrutinib solubility dmso results of these summary analyses using an in-house peak-finding algorithm. The rs-fc of these nonoverlapping regions with each of the 5 a priori selected pain ROIs was determined for each subject. selleck screening library Functional connectivity strengths (ie, correlation coefficients) of these region pairs in CM were compared with strengths in controls using two-sample t-tests. Benjamini-Hochberg correction for multiple comparisons allowing for false discovery rate of 5% was employed to identify functional connections significantly differing between subject groups. To explore associations between atypical rs-fc and duration of migraine, Pearson correlations of functional connections that were atypical in CM with the number of CM years
were calculated. Correlations with an uncorrected P ≤ .05 were considered significant. Correlations between functional connection strength with depression and anxiety scores, possible mediators of rs-fc among our pain ROIs, were also calculated. When rs-fc was significantly correlated with the number of migraine years and depression or anxiety scores, the amount of variance in functional connectivity strength attributable to each variable (ie, number of CM years, anxiety, depression) was calculated. To investigate a potential
influence of migraine prophylactic medication use on study results, post hoc analyses were performed comparing whole brain rs-fc of the 5 pain ROIs in migraineurs taking prophylactic medications (n = 8) to migraineurs not taking prophylactic medications (n = 12). learn more The rs-fc of the 5 pain ROIs in migraine subjects taking prophylactic medications were compared with the rs-fc in migraine subjects not using prophylactic medications via two-sample t-tests. Overlay images were used to identify voxels with rs-fc that significantly differed when comparing migraine subjects taking prophylactic medications to migraine subjects not taking prophylactic medications and when comparing migraine subjects to control subjects. In the CM cohort (n = 20), average age was 28 years (standard deviation [SD] ± 5 years), 17 subjects were female, mean headache frequency was 22 headache days per month (SD ± 7 headache days per month), average number of years with migraine was 10 (SD ± 6 years), and average number of years with CM was 4 (SD ± 3 years).