SVR12 rates were 60.6% in coinfected patients vs. 42.2% in monoinfected patients (P = 0.06). In multivariable analysis, SVR12 was associated with HIV infection [odds ratio (OR) 3.55; P < 0.01], African American race (OR 0.37; P = 0.03) and previous treatment response (OR 0.46; P = 0.03). Rates of severe GSK-3 assay anaemia (45.5 vs. 58.6% in coinfected and monoinfected patients, respectively; P = 0.18) were similar in the two groups, but rash (15.2 vs. 34.5%, respectively; P = 0.03) and rectal symptoms (12.1 vs. 43.1%, respectively; P < 0.01) were less common in coinfected patients. Virological responses
of coinfected and monoinfected patients did not differ significantly, but tended to be higher in coinfected patients, who had a 60.6% SVR12 rate. Telaprevir-based triple therapy is a promising option for coinfected patients with well-controlled HIV infection. “
“To evaluate whether etravirine (TMC125) might be effective in patients failing therapy with current nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), we analysed the prevalence of TMC125 mutations and the possible determinants of genotypic resistance to this drug among sequences reported to a large database in Italy [Antiretroviral
Resistance Cohort Analysis (ARCA)]. We analysed the prevalence of TMC125 resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) and the TMC125 weighted genotypic score (WGS) together with the determinants signaling pathway of genotypic resistance. A total next of 5011 sequences from 2955 patients failing NNRTI therapy were evaluated. Among the sequences in ARCA, 68% had at least one and 9.8% at least three TMC125 RAMs, whereas 31% had a WGS>2. Frequent RAMs were Y181C, G190A, K101E and A98G, whereas V179F, Y181V and G190S appeared in <5% of sequences. Multivariate analysis revealed a higher risk of developing at least three TMC125 RAMs associated with both nevirapine and efavirenz exposure, whereas CD4 counts ≥200 cells/μL retained their protective effect. An increased risk of WGS>2 was linked to higher
HIV RNA values (maximum risk at >5 log10 copies/mL) and nevirapine exposure; CD4 counts ≥200 cells/μL were protective. The prevalence of TMC125 resistance mutations in the ARCA cohort was 68%. The DUET studies showed that at least three TMC125-associated mutations were required to impair the efficacy of the drug and Y181C/V, V179F and G190S had the greatest effect on response. The prevalence of these mutations among the patients examined in our study was low. However, WGS>2 was found for one-third of our sequences. Previous nevirapine exposure was associated with an increased risk of having WGS>2 (adjusted odds ratio 1.76). HIV-infected patients who experience triple-drug class virological failure may be at increased risk of clinical progression and death . Therefore, newer agents with activity against drug-resistant HIV-1 are needed .