Subotowicz (2005) distinguishes concave and convex geodynamic
shoreface classes for both dune-type and cliff shores. The concave shoreface has a dynamic layer with a large amount of sandy sediment (vulnerable to erosion), whereas the convex shoreface is characterized by a small amount of sand deposited on a Pleistocene substratum (resistant to erosion). Simultaneous sub-bottom profiling and hydro-acoustic surveys in the multi-bar coastal zone of Lubiatowo, highly representative of the southern Baltic coast, reveal a correlation between the sediment resources (the dynamic layer thickness) and the existence of large sea bed forms. The presence of a distinct thick and permanent layer of sandy sediments is accompanied by a large number (4–5) of underwater bars that are stable even at very long (multi-year) time scales. Thus, AZD9291 ic50 the existence and condition of the bars learn more can be assumed to be a visual indicator of the ‘rich’ dynamic layer. The stability of the shoreline position at various time scales is an additional indicator of dynamic layer permanence. The mixing layer thickness Ab on the multi-bar dissipative shore at Lubiatowo yields the parameter k equal to about 0.05. This value lies relatively close to the
results presented by Kraus (1985) and Sunamura & Kraus (1985), namely k = 0.027, obtained for the Pacific coast, which is characterized by different hydrodynamics and cross-shore profile shape. The Polish coast consists predominantly of dune-type seashores where, in view of the available data (see e.g. the cross-sections in Frankowski et al. 2009), the Holocene aeolian and marine sand is most often deposited on the Pleistocene glacial sand. From the point of view represented by investigators of coastal hydrodynamic and lithodynamic processes, the classical definition of the dynamic layer has no sense in such conditions because the features of the superficial sea bed layer are very similar to the features of older sediments which lie beneath. Theoretical and experimental (laboratory and field) Tenofovir mw studies carried out to date show that
two kinds of sand with rather similar grain sizes are almost equally vulnerable to erosion and subject to sedimentation in the same conditions. Only when significant differences in grain sizes appear (e.g. the median grain diameters d50 vary by an order of 0.1–0.2 mm) do the sediments behave quite differently under the same hydrodynamic impact. Therefore, in investigations of nearshore sediment motion and the evolution of most stretches of coastline in Poland, one can forget about limitations of sediment supply alleged to be due to the small thickness of the Holocene sediments. The opposite situation holds true in the case of cliff shores. On most cliff shore segments in Poland, the deficiency of Holocene sediments just means a deficiency of sand.