674, P = 0879) and age (F = 0902, P = 0445) distribution

674, P = 0.879) and age (F = 0.902, P = 0.445) distribution

were not statistically different.21 cases of EST large incision group, 2 cases of gallbladder developing (9.5%), no development in 19 cases (90.5%); 20 this website cases of EST medium and small incision group, 17 cases of gallbladder developing (85%), no development in 3 cases (15%); 20 cases of EPBD group, 16 cases of gallbladder developing (94.1%), no development in 1 case (5.9%); 20 cases of control group, 19 cases of gallbladder developing (95%), no development in 1 case (5%). There was significant difference between the large incision group and the others groups such as control group, small incision group, EPBD group (P < 0.001); but compared with the control group, both EST small incision and EPBD group had no the significant difference (P = 0.609 和 P = 0.598); there was no significant difference between EST small incision group and EPBD group (P = 1.000). Campared the gallbladder development time (GT) and emptying fraction GBEF (%) at the 30th minute among the medium and small incision EST group, EPBD group and control group.

The median of gallbladder development time GT (minimum and maximum) was 32 (30, 60) minutes in EST medium and small incision group. The median of gallbladder development time GT (minimum and maximum) was 32.5 (30, 50) minutes in EPBD group. The median of gallbladder development time GT (minimum and maximum) was 30 (30, 35) minutes in control group. The gallbladder development time and emptying fraction GBEF (%) was no significant difference among three Selleckchem Galunisertib groups. Conclusion: The research of this subject proves the integrity relationship between Oddi sphincter and gallbladder function from a new angle. It provides related theoretical foundation for the future clinical selection of ERCP operation and the prevention of long-term complications. The purpose is to protect the Oddi sphincter and the normal gallbladder function, reduce short and long-term complications while taking out the common bile duct calculi.

Key Word(s): 1. ERCP; 2. gall bladder; 3. EST; 4. EPBD; Presenting this website Author: DENNISNYUK FUNG LIM Additional Authors: ISHFAQ AHMAD Corresponding Author: DENNISNYUK FUNG LIM Affiliations: KETTERING GENERAL HOSPITAL NHS TRUST; ALEXANDRA HOSPITAL, WORCESTER ACUTE HOSPITAL NHS TRUST Objective: Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) is a technically difficult procedure that is associated with a substantial risk of complications and may result in death. Awareness of these problems has led to recommendations designed to restrict the number of procedures by careful selection of patients and the use of alternative methods of investigation. However, there is evidence that patients continue to be subjected inappropriately to ERCP. A recent extensive audit by the British Society of Gastroenterology 3 indicated that approximately 48,000 ERCPs are performed each year in the United Kingdom.

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