Lentiviral vectors pLKO.1 TRC (Addgene 10879) and pWPI.1 (Addgene 12254) were used for constructing
recombinant lentiviruses. Oligonucleotides encoding hairpin precursors for si259 (5′-TTTCCAGGAGCAACCA TAATT-3′, corresponding to nt259-279 of PROX1 ORF) and si1646 (5′-GGCTCTCCTTGTCGCTCA TAA-3′, corresponding to nt1646-1666 of PROX1 ORF) were used for generating short interference RNA (siRNA) constructs. A scrambled sequence (Scr) was used as a control. Synonymous mutations were introduced into the target sequence of si1646 (5′-GGCTCTCATTATCACTCATAA-3′, mutations underlined) in PROX1 ORF to generate si1646-resistant PROX1. pEGFP-Prox1 was generated by inserting PROX1 cDNA into pEGFP-C2 (ClonTech, Mountain View, CA). pGL2-HIF-1α selleck chemicals llc contained the promoter (−572/+284) of HIF-1α in pGL2-Basic (Promega, Madison, WI). Cell transfection and luciferase reporter assays were performed as described. The procedures are detailed in the Supporting Methods. Co-IP, GST pulldown, and western blot were performed as described. Antibodies used in western blot experiments are listed in Supporting Table S2. The procedures are detailed in the Supporting
Methods. Anti-PROX1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) (Cell Signaling Technology, Danvers, MA) was used to immunoprecipitate sonicated chromatins prepared from Huh7 or MHCC-97H cells. Preimmune IgG was used for specificity control. Immunoprecipitated DNA was Rucaparib clinical trial quantitated for HIF-1α promoter (Ct[IP]) using qrtPCR (forward, 5′-GGTGAGGCGGGCTT GCGGGAG-3′; reverse, 5′-GAGGAGCTGAGGCAG CGTCAGGG-3′). DNA from 5% input was quantitated for HIF-1α promoter in parallel (Ct[Input]). The relative occupancy was calculated using the equation: 2^(Ct[Input]-Ct[IP]) *100%. The procedures are detailed in the Supporting Methods. Animal experimental protocols were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University. Eight-week-old nude mice (BALB/c) were randomly divided into groups
(six mice/group) before inoculation or injection. Cells were inoculated into the liver parenchyma of nude mice (BEL-7402 derived cells, 2.0 × 106 cells/mouse) or subcutaneously injected into nude mice (MHCC-97H derived cells, 1.0 × 107 cells/mouse). The mice were sacrificed after 8 weeks and the number of metastatic 上海皓元 tumors was assessed by double-blinded evaluation. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS v. 13.0. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for survival analysis and the log-rank test was chosen to compare the difference. Pearson χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test were employed to compare qualitative variables, while Student t test was used for quantitative variables. A Cox proportional hazards model was adopted for multivariate analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was applied to assess the predictive values of variables. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all tests.